Is it mere coincidence that the Jewish festival of Passover, beginning this Friday eve, April 6, falls in the early weeks of springtime? The answer is “no,” both from a historical perspective but also from a symbolic perspective.
Historically, several scholars suggest that there was a pre-existing springtime celebration before the Jewish people assigned Passover and the re-telling of the exodus from Egypt to this time in the calendar.
In fact, we see hints of this earlier celebration embedded in the Exodus story itself. Exodus, chapter five begins: “And afterward Moses and Aaron came, and said to Pharaoh: ‘Thus says the Eternal, the God of Israel: Let My people go, that they may hold a feast for Me in the wilderness.’”
Spring is the season of new flowers and buds appearing in nature, and it is the lambing season. The centrality of the sacrifice of a lamb just before the tenth and final plague that led to the Hebrew slaves being allowed to go free may well have been related to an earlier celebration where a first-born of the new flock was offered up in thanksgiving.
Today we do not sacrifice animals as part of the Passover celebration; instead a shank bone is placed as one of the symbols on a Seder plate that takes center stage in the home-based ceremony held in Jewish homes all over the world to mark the beginning of the holiday. Another symbol of fertility and new life is also found on this plate — an egg (a springtime symbol shared by our Christian neighbors at Easter).
But spring time remains deeply symbolic as a time not only of new birth, but struggles for freedom from oppression over the centuries, new hope and new possibilities. We may be most familiar with the recent waves of unrest and uprisings against dictatorial leaders in the Middle East, dubbed “the Arab Spring.”
These movements did not literally begin during springtime, but commentators quickly adopted the phrase that can be traced back to the 1800s. Ben Zimmer, author of visualthesaurus.com, finds the earliest usage with a German philosopher, Ludwig Borne, in 1818. Referring to several European revolutions in the mid-1800s, in French the phrase used was printemps des peuples (springtime of the people) and, in English, “The People’s Springtime.”
What is common to both the current socio-political changes, the European revolutions, and the Biblical Exodus is that the journey from slavery to freedom is never straightforward. We are much more certain about what we are seeking freedom from, but it usually takes a lot longer to know what we will do with our freedom. For the Hebrews it took 40 years of wandering in the wilderness, but along the journey they created a covenant with God that provided them with laws and structures for creating a new society in a new land, where time and again they were reminded not to oppress others, because they had once been slaves in Egypt.
This is a message that we all need to hear, year after year, precisely because it is so easy to forget the greater purpose of freedom once we have the power to choose our own path.
This springtime, in the weeks following Passover, the Jewish community is joining together with Christian, Muslim, and Hindu brothers and sisters for an “Interfaith Spring” on Sunday, April 29. Together we will both celebrate and remember our obligation to care for our natural world, joining to clean up the Greater Bridgeport area.
We begin with a barbecue at Rodeph Shalom at 1 p.m., taking interfaith groups to work in cleaning up the city for the afternoon, and returning at 4.30 for more music and celebration. To join us, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Rabbi Rachel Gurevitz can be reached at email@example.com. Follow on Twitter @RabbiGurevitz